posture coordination poise tonicity flexibility
integration stress reduction confidence personal growth
The Alexander Technique doesn't fall into any neat categories, since it's concerned with many aspects of our living, and acts on both body and mind.
The key words above give some idea of its scope.
What is the Alexander Technique?
The Alexander Technique is a unique self-help method of neuromuscular and sensory re-education, concerned with the body's basic patterns of coordination. It shows us how us to release the body from its constrictions (stress patterns, deep-seated habits) and re-establish its original innate harmony and vitality. In a word, it helps us reconnect with our own nature.
The Technique is taught in forty countries around the world. Many of the most important music, drama and dance institutes, where acquiring awareness and coordination is vital, have at least one Alexander teacher on their staff. It has over a century of success behind it, and the solid backing of current scientific understanding.
Who can it help?
Anyone interested in better functioning for themselves and looking to fulfil their potential. Generally this means two broad categories: people wanting to solve problems, and people who want to improve their skills.
In the first group there will be people wanting to get rid of various conditions, such as fatigue, backache, postural problems, headaches, sciatica, breathing or vocal problems and so on. Or they might be recovering from an illness, injury or an operation.
Among those in the second group will be sportspeople, actors, dancers, musicians and the like, people whose body really has to perform well. Naturally there will also be those who don't fall into any obvious category, maybe people on a personal path seeking more freedom and well-being.
All will benefit from the Technique's unique method of enriching the quality of life by reducing stress and tension, and increasing vitality, poise and overall body performance. There is no age limit, improvement is always possible.
What does it do?
It shows us how to stop interfering with our own natural functioning. Alexander discovered that when the body is not working well, it's often largely because without knowing it we've got into habits that don't allow it to operate properly. We're using ourselves badly. Eliminate this hindrance and nature's own processes can take over again and do the job much better, as they did when we were little children. So the Technique restores the mechanisms of well-being.
After much research, Alexander identified these basic coordination patterns. They underlie all body activity and, if allowed to work, represent a natural optimising of the body state. The Technique gives you the instruments to find this state again. Instead of habit forcing you to repeat the same old responses over and over again, you'll have choice and the chance to alleviate or eliminate your problems and improve your functioning and performance. You'll be doing everything with less stress and effort, and feeling much better for it.
How does it work?
The Technique works not through exercises, movement routines or other procedures, but through awareness. We learn to recognise our own particular habits and tensions, which unbeknown to us have always accompanied us in everything we do and are hindering our natural functioning. We are then taught how to stop using them and let the body organise itself according to its own principles. Since it is programmed to do this, there is nothing to “do” in the ordinary sense of the word, we just have to get out of the way. We learn what these principles are so that we can then mentally direct our activities in accordance with them. The result is a new relationship to ourselves, both physically and mentally, exemplified by a freer harmonious action of the body.
By this attention of the mind, the world of the body becomes present in our daily living, integrated with the mental processes, so we live in the here and now. Our awareness gives us a greater sense of control over what we do, so our confidence increases and we are less subject to stress. The tools the Technique gives us can be used as the basis for our personal growth and will stand us in good stead for the rest of our lives.
What happens in a lesson?
The Alexander Technique is a re-education not a therapy, so you will be actively involved in learning it, and practising it between lessons.
Lessons are entirely practical. You'll be busy expanding your awareness and attending to things like how you move and letting yourself do things in a different way from normal. You'll be aiming at taking your up-to-now-unconscious habits in hand, and seeing how to stop using them, drop away unwanted tension and so on.
Your teacher will guide you not only verbally but also by a very skilful and subtle use of the hands. This use of the hands is exclusive to the Alexander Technique and is a unique aid in the freeing process you are working at.
You will be taken through simple movements like standing up, sitting down or walking, to give you an understanding of the principles on which all body activity is based. At the same time, the teacher's hands will help you perceive what you might be doing to interfere with your own functioning, while making it more possible for the desired changes to come about. As you progress you will be able to start applying the basic principles to more elaborate activities.
Most teachers will also make use of a table where you lie down happily while the teacher's hands very delicately interact with the body, so that it can release unwanted patterns more easily and get back to a freer state.